ADEN (Reuters) – The Saudi-led coalition on Sunday intervened in Aden in support of the Yemeni government after southern separatists effectively took over the southern port city, fracturing the alliance that had been focused on battling the Iran-aligned Houthi movement.
FILE PHOTO: Cars drive on a road linking two neighborhoods of Aden, Yemen August 10, 2019. REUTERS/Fawaz Salman/File Photo
The Western-backed, Sunni Muslim coalition said it attacked an area that poses a “direct threat” to the Saudi-backed government of Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, which is temporarily based in Aden. It did not specify the target or military action taken.
“This is only the first operation and will be followed by others … the Southern Transitional Council (STC) still has a chance to withdraw,” Saudi state TV quoted it as saying.
The alliance had threatened military action if the separatists did not quit government military camps they seized on Saturday in the city, the temporary seat of the internationally recognized government, and halt fighting.
The United Arab Emirates-backed separatists have a rival agenda to Hadi’s government over the future of Yemen, but they have been a key part of the coalition that intervened in the Arabian Peninsula nation in 2015 against the Houthis after the group ousted Hadi from power in the capital Sanaa in late 2014.
The violence complicates United Nations’ efforts to end the war that has killed tens of thousands and pushed the long-impoverished country to the brink of famine.
The STC forces took over the government military bases and surrounded the nearly empty presidential palace after four days of clashes that have killed at least nine civilians and trapped others in their homes with limited supply of water.
After the coalition warning, the STC had agreed to the ceasefire. It was not immediately clear if fighting had resumed.
The UAE, a key coalition member that has armed and trained thousands of southern separatists, has called for calm. Saudi Arabia said it would hold an emergency meeting in the kingdom aimed at restoring order. Hadi’s government has asked the UAE to stop backing southern forces.
SETBACK FOR COALITION
The infighting is a serious setback for the coalition in its more than four year campaign to break the grip of the Houthis, who control Sanaa and most urban centers in the country. Hadi’s government holds Aden although the president is based in Riyadh.
The Aden clashes began on Wednesday after the separatists accused an Islamist party allied to Hadi of complicity in a missile attack on a southern forces military parade in Aden, which was claimed by the Houthis.
Analysts said Abu Dhabi and Riyadh, Sunni Muslim allies united against Shi’ite foe Iran, would work together to contain the crisis even though the UAE in June scaled down its military presence in Aden and other parts of Yemen as Western pressure mounted to end the war.
“The UAE and Saudi Arabia have allied with distinct Yemeni partners … Yet to this point in the conflict, Abu Dhabi and Riyadh have worked to maintain a relative detente between competing interests in the south,” Elizabeth Dickinson, senior analyst at International Crisis Group, told Reuters.
“That is the approach again today,” she said, but added there was real concern that the situation could deteriorate into “a civil war within a civil war”.
The war has revived old strains between north and south Yemen, formerly separate countries that united into a single state in 1990 under slain former President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
The Houthis’ deputy foreign minister said on Saturday that the Aden events proved that Hadi’s government was unfit to rule and called for a dialogue with other main powers in Yemen to establish a federation under a “unified national framework”.
The Yemen conflict is widely seen in the region as a proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Houthis deny being puppets of Iran and say their revolution is against corruption.
Reporting by Nayera Abdallah in Cairo and Reuter’s team in Aden; Writing by Ghaida Ghantous; editing by Darren Schuettler